While some jobs seem to stay with us forever like the things that teachers, police officers, farmers, etc. , do ,thanks to ever-changing technology, some other jobs have disappeared from human life and we can see them only in history books and museums. Here, in this post, we try to introduce 10 of them to you!
10: Chariot Racers
The most popular sport and entertainment in the Roman Empire, in Rome, about 1400 years go. Men slaves would race around Roman “circus” in mostly religious festivals. If these slaves worked well and skillfully, they could get enough money to buy themselves and get free. Charioteers finished with by the end of ancient Roman Empire.
9: Wet Nurses
Around 1000 C.E., when many mothers dies during child delivery or they were too weak to have enough milk for their babies, these women were very much needed. A wet nurse breastfed a baby who was not her own. They were used by both poor and rich women because the poor had to work right after their childbirth and breast-feeding was not a good activity for high class ladies!!!
But there were some conditions for becoming a wet nurse. They had to be healthy, clean, strong and have a good character.
The number of wet nurses started to decrease in the 19th and 20th centuries when pasterised and canned milk and women got more chances and time for doing their most important job! These days very few people use wet nurses.
Like today a man weras a three or two piece suite, in medieval ages men wore suites of armor. These weren’t bought from shops; instead they were made.
Just like today’s tailors, armorers took their customers’ measurements and started their one-year job of making the suit, but with steel instead of cloth. They had their own secrets and passed them down to their sons of their family. When guns entered battle fields, the story of armorers was over.
7: Court Jesters
When you think about court jesters, they’re kind of, well, funny. Can you imagine President Barack Obama employing a silly man to jump around and make him laugh when he’s feeling down? Yet in medieval times, jesters did just that. (Obama might have to make do with Comedy Central instead).
Funny. The only thing a jester had to be to make a king laugh when he was down.
They were also called buffoons, fools or clowns and employed the Middle Ages for the time and the members of the court were a bit too stressed. Anything they did, said, and wore was kind of funny. They were usually men, but some women also got this job for queens.
These people were usually well-educated and could freely criticize anyone, anywhere. They also had some power in the court.
6: Crossing Sweepers
Victorian Era, in Britain, when rich women and men did not like their long skirts or trousers get the dirt from the ground, crossing sweepers with their brooms took the job of cleaning the path for them to get some money. Cross sweepers were usually young children, old people or handicaps. Most wealthy people had no problem with cross sweeper. This job disappeared in late 19th century when people used cars instead of horses and the streets became cleaner. Can you say what is today’s version of crossin sweeper? Right! Windshield washers!!!!
in the early 19th century, streets and cities used gas or oil for lighting in the evening. Well, someone had to light them at night and put them out in the morning. That someone was a lamplighter. Each lamp lighter had about 80 lamps to take care of and got about 2$ for one day. They used a ladder, a wick trimmer and oil for lamp. In England, this job was a socially great job and was passed down from father to son. Women sometimes got this job, too. Also, lamp lighters had another way to get money: The caught rare insects that were around lamps at night and sold them to insect collectors. Mr. Edison Put an end to their job!
4: Pony Express Riders
They did the job of mail services. This job existed only for 19 months in the U.S for communication between the center and the west part of the country. Three men designed this system of over 100 stations between the beginning and end of the rout. There were 80 Pony Express Riders that changed horses about every 16 kilometers. Overall, it took about two weeks to finish the 400 kilometer journey between Missouri and California with the help of almost 500 horses. Riders got good money, about 50$ per month, for this hard and risky work. The introduction of Pacific Telegraph line ended Pony Express in 1861.
Iranians used to have this postal service across their Empire about 400 B.E.C.
3: Ice Cutters
Before refrigerators arrived in homes and markets, people used ice boxes that used ice blocks that they bought from ice cutters. They came around the neighborhood every week from frozen rivers lakes and ponds. Preparing ice 60 by 180- centimeter ice blocks in these cold areas was not that easy and without danger. Sometimes ice cutters and their horses fell into the icy water. This way of harvesting ice continued until the birth of mechanical refrigerators in 1930s.
2: Pin Setters
Americans love bowling but not resetting the pins. At the beginning of the 20th century, young men did this job for them for 10 cents per game. It was a tiring job; all that clearing the lane, setting the pins again with spikes, rolling the ball again and again to the players,…
Up until 1946, when Automatic Pinspotter was invented, young pin setters had their jobs and then they disappeared completely in 1950s.
1: Party Line Operators
In the years between 1900 and 1950, when telephone technology was new, phone companies used party lines to be shared between 20 homes. This way they needed fewer lines. This way every home had a telephone number with its own ring. For Example four short rings for one number, a long ring for another, short ring, long ring, etc. If your sister called, the phone rang in all 20 homes, but everybody knew the call was for you because of the ring type, so they did not answer the call by mistake.
Calling each other among the 20 members of one party was easy. But calling a house in another party needed an operator to connect your call. Today, except for hospitals and some big companies, computer does the job of party line operators.